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保障国际生安全和成功的发展。

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COVID-19 Edition: 加拿大积极推进疫苗接种,期望9月中小学恢复正常上课
来源:TCDSB中国招生办公室  发布日期:2021/3/29  点击次数:683

The best vaccine for you to take is the very first one that is offered to you.

-Prime Minister Justin Trudeau March 15, 2021

我们第一时间提供给大家接种的疫苗就是目前最好的疫苗。

                                                      -贾斯汀·特鲁多总理,2021315



Canada becomes first country to offer 4 Health Canada approved Vaccines

加拿大成为第一个提供4种卫生部批准的疫苗的国家

 

What are the 4 vaccines available In Canada?

在加拿大可接种哪4种疫苗?

 

Recently the Oxford-AstraZeneca and Johnson & Johnson COVID-19 vaccines have received Health Canada approval bringing the total of vaccines available in Canada to four. Although some have received higher efficacy results in trials, experts all agree that all 4 vaccines are safe and will provide similar prevention to hospitalization and death. While some may prefer one or another vaccine its clear that all will prevent you from getting seriously ill or dying.  Canadas  Chief  Public  Health  officer  Dr. Teresa Tam is telling everyone to get the first vaccine that is available to you. Only when people are vaccinated can we  achieve  herd immunity. Deciding which vaccine,  you prefer wastes time and allows the virus variants to take hold and possibly reducing vaccine effectiveness.

最近,牛津-阿斯利康公司和强生公司生产的新冠肺炎疫苗已获得加拿大卫生部批准,使加拿大现有疫苗总数达到4种。虽然有些疫苗在试验中获得了更高的疗效,但专家们一致认为,所有四种疫苗都是安全的,并将提供相似的预防措施来应对住院和死亡。虽然有些人可能更喜欢一种或另一种疫苗,但很明显,所有的疫苗都能防止你得重病或死亡。加拿大首席公共卫生官员特蕾莎·塔姆医生告诉每个人都要接种现有的第一种疫苗。只有当人们接种疫苗,我们才能实现群体免疫。选择哪种疫苗会浪费时间,而且会导致病毒变异,可能会降低疫苗的效力。

 

Recently countries in Europe suspended the use of the Oxford-AstraZeneca vaccine over reports that some people had developed blood clots.

最近,欧洲一些国家暂停了牛津-阿斯利康疫苗的使用,因为有报道称一些人出现了血栓。

 

However, after a clinical review by the World Health Organization (WHO) and a recent study in the United States, there is no evidence to suggests that blood clots can occur, in fact in the US they found that the Oxford-Astra Zeneca vaccine was even more effective that the original clinical trials.

然而,经过世界卫生组织(WTO)的临床评估和最近美国的一项研究,没有证据表明,疫苗会导致血栓,事实上在美国他们发现牛津-阿斯利康疫苗比最初的临床试验更有效,

 

Vaccine roll outs increasing in Canada

加拿大加强推进疫苗接种数量

 

With the news of 4 Vaccines available in Canada each province has begun roll out plans. Most provinces have already vaccinated health-care workers and the residents of long-term care facilities. The next phase is age related with older people (80 and over) getting vaccinated first then decreasing by 5-year intervals (75 and over then 70 and over etc.).  In Ontario, a pilot roll-out has also begun in Toronto, Windsor and Kingston which allows pharmacies to administer the AstraZeneca vaccine to people 60 and over. This has greatly reduced the timeline of all Ontarians to be vaccinated, in fact it is now estimated that  everyone in Ontario will receive at least 1 vaccination by June 20th .

随着加拿大提供4种疫苗的消息,每个省都开始推出计划。大多数省份已经为保健工作者和长期护理机构的居民接种了疫苗。下一个阶段的接种计划主要与年龄相关,老年人(80岁及以上)首先接种疫苗,然后以5年为间隔递减(7如5岁及以上,70岁及以上等等)。在安大略省,多伦多、温莎和金斯顿也开始了试点,允许药店向60岁及以上的人提供阿斯利康疫苗。这大大缩短了安大略所有人接种疫苗的时间,事实上,据估计,到620日安大略的每个人将至少接种1次疫苗。

 

See map below of provincial vaccination percentages and total cases as of March 2021.

见以下截至20213月各省疫苗接种百分比和总病例地图。

 

 

Ontario is Canadas largest province with over 14 million people and with the expedited vaccination program, many expect the summer could return to some level of normalcy.

安大略是加拿大最大的省份,有超过1400万人口。随着疫苗接种计划的加快,许多人预计夏天会在一定程度上恢复正常生活。

 

The race now is to keep cases down and prevent a third wave, provinces across Canada have had various forms of lockdowns to keep cases in check.

现在的竞争是控制病例,防止第三波,加拿大各省已经采取了各种形式的封锁来控制病例增加。

 

When will schools be back to Normal?

学校什么时候才能恢复“正常”?

 

With some form of herd immunity projected for early summer most School Boards are anticipating a return to in- class learning for September. Many School districts have made investments in safety equipment and have improved school ventilation systems. Even with mechanical upgrades ready, many schools will likely still have some safety measures in place. Over the summer decisions about class size, cohorts and other safety measures will be discussed and more information will follow. In Ontario PPM 164 (guidelines to remote on-line learning) will likely still be in place but most educators believe that it may be amended to favour in-class learning over remote learning.

随着初夏会出现的某种形式上的群体免疫,大多数学校董事会期待着9月份线下课堂学习的回归。许多学区在安全设备上进行了投资,并改善了学校的通风系统。即使已经做好了机械升级的准备,许多学校可能仍然会采取一些安全措施。在这个夏天,关于班级规模、分组学习和其他安全措施的决定将会被讨论,更多的信息也会随之而来。安大略省的PPM 164(远程在线学习指导方针)可能仍将存在,但大多数教育工作者认为,它可能会被修订,以支持线下课堂学习而不是远程学习。

 

The TCDSB is eager to welcome back International students and through the Orientation Centre assessments can be booked starting this spring. Students and families should ensure student Visas are in order if they are planning for a September in class academic year.

TCDSB热切欢迎国际学生的归来,国际生从今年春天开始就可以预定迎新中心的测试评估了。如果学生计划在学年的9月份上课,他们和他们的家人应该确保学生签证是有序安排的。

 

New Travel Guidelines for International Travel

新的国际旅行指南

 

With the rising number of COVID-19 variants entering Canada, the government of Canada has instituted new testing and quarantine measures for all passengers  arriving  in  Canada  from  International destinations. In January the Government of Canada announced new rules on international travel. In addition to proof of a negative pre-departure test, Transport Canada will expand the existing international flight restrictions which funnel scheduled international commercial passenger flights into four Canadian airports: Montréal-Trudeau International Airport, Toronto Pearson International Airport, Calgary International Airport, and Vancouver International Airport.

随着进入加拿大的COVID-19病毒的数量不断增加,加拿大政府对所有来自国际目的地抵达加拿大的旅客实施了新的检测和检疫措施。今年1月,加拿大政府宣布了关于国际旅行的新规定。除了起飞前测试结果为阴性的证据外,加拿大交通部将扩大现有的国际航班限制,将定期国际商业客运航班引入四个加拿大机场:蒙特利尔特鲁多国际机场、多伦多皮尔森国际机场、卡尔加里国际机场和温哥华国际机场。

 

All travellers arriving to Canada by air, as of February 22, 2021, with some exceptions, will be required to take a COVID-19 molecular test when they arrive in Canada before exiting the airport, and another toward the end of their 14-day quarantine period. With limited exceptions, air travellers, will also be required to reserve, prior to departure to Canada, a 3-night stay in a government- authorized hotel. A list of authorized hotels Travellers will be able to book is available on the Government of Canada website. The cost of the hotel is the responsibility of the traveller.

自2021222,所有乘飞机抵达加拿大的旅客(部分例外)在抵达加拿大后离开机场前,以及在14天隔离期结束前,都需要接受COVID-19分子检测。除少数例外情况外,航空旅客也将被要求在出发前往加拿大之前预订在政府授权的酒店住3晚。加拿大政府网站上有旅行者可以预订的授权酒店列表。酒店住宿的费用旅游者自己承担

 

It is unclear how long this new requirement will be in place but international students should prepare for this new expectation.

目前还不清楚这项新要求会持续多久,但是需要入境的国际学生还是应该按照新的规定做好准备。





作者简介:

Mr. Vincent Burzotta

Senior Consultant

TCDSB China Recruitment Office;

Former Superintendent of International Education Program

Toronto Catholic District School Board


Vincent Burzotta先生

TCDSB中国招生办公室后期项目高级顾问

前任多伦多天主教公立教育局(TCDSB)国际教育项目主管


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